Implementation Challenges Using a Novel Method for Collecting Patient-Reported Outcomes After Injury

Rosenberg GM, Shearer EJ, Zion SR, et al. Implementation Challenges Using a Novel Method for Collecting Patient-Reported Outcomes After Injury. J. Surg. Res. 2019;241:277-284.
Copy at


BACKGROUND: Monitoring longitudinal patient-reported outcomes after injury is important for comprehensive trauma care. Current methodologies are resource-intensive and struggle to engage patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients \$\geq\$18 y old admitted to the trauma service were prospectively enrolled. The following inclusion criteria were used: emergency operation, ICU length of stay \$\geq\$2 midnights, or hospital length of stay \$\geq\$4 d. Validated and customized questionnaires were administered using a novel internet-based survey platform. Three-month follow-up surveys were administered. Contextual field notes regarding barriers to enrollment/completion of surveys and challenges faced by participants were recorded. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were eligible; 26 of 47 (55%) enrolled and 19 of 26 (73%) completed initial surveys. The final sample included 14 (74%) men and 5 (26%) women. Primary barriers to enrollment included technological constraints and declined participation. Contextual field notes revealed three major issues: competing hospital tasks, problems with technology, and poor engagement. The average survey completion time was 43 \$\pm\$ 27 min-21% found this too long. Seventy-four percent reported the system “easy to use” and 95% reported they would “very likely” or “definitely” respond to future surveys. However, 10 of 26 (38%) patients completed 3-mo follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a well-rated internet-based survey platform, study participation remained challenging. Lack of email access and technological issues decreased enrollment and the busy hospitalization posed barriers to completion. Despite a thoughtful operational design and implementation plan, the trauma population presented a challenging group to engage. Next steps will focus on optimizing engagement, broadening access to survey reminders, and enhancing integration into clinical workflows.
Last updated on 03/02/2021